Birth: Mar 17, 1473, Stirling Castle, Stirling, Scotland;
Death: Sep 9, 1513; Battle of Flodden Field, Braxton, Northumberland; Shot by arrows in battle.
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- King of Scots - Dates: 1488-1513
- Lord of the Isles - Dates: 1493-1513
James IV (17 March 1473 – 9 September 1513) was King of Scots from 11 June 1488 to his death.
As the son of James III and Margaret of Denmark, James IV was probably born in Stirling Castle. After his father was killed at the battle of Sauchieburn on 11 June 1488, the fifteen-year-old James took the throne and was crowned at Scone on 24 June. The rebels who had gathered at Sauchieburn had done so with James supposedly as their figurehead. When James realised the indirect role which he had played in the death of his father, he decided to do penance for his sin. From that date on, he wore a heavy iron chain cilice around his waist, next to the skin, each Lent as penance.
. . .
For a time, he supported the pretender to the English throne Perkin Warbeck and carried out a brief invasion of England on his behalf. Despite this, James finally recognized that peace between Scotland and England was in the interest of both countries, and so signed the Treaty of Perpetual Peace (1502) and married Henry VII's daughter Margaret Tudor, on 8 August 1503, at Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh.
The union produced around six children:
James, Duke of Rothesay, who died at barely a year old
An unnamed daughter, stillborn at Holyrood Palace on 15 July 1508
Arthur, Duke of Rothesay, who died before his first year
James V, the only one to survive to adulthood
A second stillborn daughter in November 1512 at Holyrood Palace
Alexander, Duke of Ross, born posthumously, but didn't reach two years old
James also had seven illegitimate children by four different mistresses:
with Marion Boyd:
Alexander, later Archbishop of St Andrews
Catherine Stewart, who married James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Morton
with Margaret Drummond:
with Janet Kennedy:
James, created Earl of Moray
two children who died in infancy
with Isabel Buchan, daughter of James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan:
Lady Janet Stewart
Some or all of the above information was taken from wikipedia.org. To read more, click here.
|See the Family Tree
King of Scots James III
c. 1451 - Jun 11, 1488
Queen Consort of Scotland Margaret of Denmark
Jun 23, 1456 - Jul 14, 1486
|Primary or Last Marriage:
Date: Aug 8, 1503, Place: ,
Status: Marriage, Note:
|Queen Consort of Scotland Margaret Tudor
Nov 28, 1489 - Oct 18, 1541
|Isabel Stewart of Buchan
c. 1480 - 1557
c. 1475 - 1502
|King of Scots James V
Great x 13 granduncle, 3rd cousin 13 and 15 times removed, 4th cousin 13 times removed
Apr 10, 1512 - Dec 14, 1542
|Princess of Scotland Janet Stewart
Great x 13 grandmother
c. 1505 - Oct 5, 1562