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King of Scots James III
17 generations from the origin. Great x 15 grandfather.

Birth: c. 1451, Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland;
Death: Jun 11, 1488; Sauchieburn, Stninians, Stirlingshire, Scotland Battle of Flodden Field; Killed in Battle of Flodden Field.
Age: 37

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  • King of Scots - Dates: 1460-1488
  • Duke of Rothesay - Dates: c. 1451-1460


James III of Scotland (c. 1451–52 – 11 June 1488), the son of James II and Mary of Guelders, was Duke of Rothesay from birth, then King of Scots from 1460 to 1488. James was an unpopular and ineffective monarch owing to an unwillingness to administer justice fairly, a policy of pursuing alliance with the Kingdom of England, and a disastrous relationship with nearly all his extended family.

His reputation as the first renaissance monarch in Scotland has sometimes been exaggerated, based on late chronicle attacks on him for being more interested in such unmanly pursuits as music than hunting, riding and leading his kingdom into war. In fact the artistic legacy of his reign is slight, especially when compared to that of his son, James IV and grandson, James V. Such evidence as there is consists of portrait coins produced during his reign, displaying the king in three-quarter profile, and wearing an imperial crown, the Trinity Altarpiece by Hugo van der Goes, which was probably not commissioned by the king, and an unusual hexagonal chapel at Restalrig near Edinburgh, perhaps inspired by the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.

His exact date and place of birth have been a matter of debate -- although not since the 1950s. Claims were made that he was born in May 1452, or 10 or 20 July 1451. The place of birth was either Stirling Castle or the Castle of St Andrews, depending on the year. His most recent biographer, the historian Norman Macdougall, argued strongly for late May 1452 at St Andrews, Fife. He succeeded his father, James II on 3 August 1460, and was crowned at Kelso Abbey, Roxburghshire a week later. During his childhood, the government was led by three successive factions, led respectively by the king's mother, Mary of Gueldres (1460-1463) (who briefly secured the return of the burgh of Berwick to Scotland), James Kennedy, Bishop of St Andrews and Gilbert, Lord Kennedy (1463-1466), and Robert, Lord Boyd (1466-1469).

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See the Family Tree

King of Scots James II
Oct 16, 1430 - Aug 3, 1460
Queen Consort of Scotland Marie of Guelders
c. 1434 - Dec 1, 1463
Primary or Last Marriage:
Date: Jul 10, 1469, Place: Holyrood, Midlothian, Scotland, Status: Marriage, Note:
Queen Consort of Scotland Margaret of Denmark
Jun 23, 1456 - Jul 14, 1486
King of Scots James IV
Great x 14 grandfather
Mar 17, 1473 - Sep 9, 1513
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