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Queen Consort of the United Kingdom Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Tenth cousin twice removed, 9th cousin 3 times removed, 13th cousin once removed, 14th cousin once and twice removed, 14th cousin once removed (descend).
Birth: Aug 4, 1900, Scotland;
Death: Mar 30, 2002; England;
Age: 102

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  • Queen Consort of the United Kingdom - Dates: 1936-1952
  • Empress Consort of India - Dates: 1936-1948
  • Queen Mother of England - Dates: 1952-2002
  • Duchess of York - Dates: 1923-1936


Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (Elizabeth Angela Marguerite; 4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002) was the Queen Consort of King George VI of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 1936 until his death in 1952. After her husband's death, she was known as Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, to avoid confusion with her daughter, Elizabeth II (see queen mother). Before her husband ascended the throne, from 1923 to 1936 she was known as the Duchess of York. She was the last Queen-consort of Ireland and Empress-consort of India.

Born into a family of Scottish nobility (her father inherited the Earldom of Strathmore and Kinghorne in 1904), she came to prominence in 1923 when she married Albert, Duke of York, the second son of George V and Queen Mary. As Duchess of York, she – along with her husband and their two daughters Elizabeth and Margaret – embodied traditional ideas of family and public service. She undertook a variety of public engagements, and became known as the "Smiling Duchess" because of her consistent public expression.

In 1936, her husband unexpectedly became King when her brother-in-law, Edward VIII, abdicated in order to marry his mistress, the American divorcée Wallis Simpson. As Queen Consort, Elizabeth accompanied her husband on diplomatic tours to France and North America in the run-up to World War II.

During the war, her seemingly indomitable spirit provided moral support to the British public, and in recognition of her role as a propaganda tool, Adolf Hitler described her as "the most dangerous woman in Europe". After the war, her husband's health deteriorated and she was widowed at the age of 51.

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See the Family Tree

Earl Strathmore and Kinghorne Claude George Bowes-Lyon
Mar 14, 1855 - Nov 7, 1944
Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne Cecilia Nina Cavendish-Bentinck
Sep 11, 1862 - Jun 23, 1938
Primary or Last Marriage:
Date: , Place: , Status: Marriage, Note:
King of the United Kingdom and Ireland, Emperor of India George VI
Dec 14, 1895 - Feb 6, 1952
Queen of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth Realms Elizabeth II
Eleventh cousin once removed, 10th cousin twice removed, 14th cousin, 13th cousin twice removed, 14th cousin once removed, 14th cousin twice removed (descend), 15th cousin, 15th cousin once and twice removed, 15th cousin once removed (descend), 16th cousin once removed (descend), 16th cousin twice removed, 17th cousin once removed (descend)
Apr 21, 1926 -
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