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Duke Norfolk Thomas Howard
Great x 13 granduncle.

Birth: 1473, England;
Death: Aug 25, 1554; England;
Age: 81

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  • 3rd Duke of Norfolk, 3rd creation - Dates: 1524-1547, 1553-1554


Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk (1473 -- August 25, 1554) was a prominent Tudor politician. He was uncle to two of the wives of Henry VIII, Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, as well as the king's mistress Mary Boleyn, and played a major role in the machinations behind these relationships. After falling from favor he was imprisoned in the Tower of London with his dukedom forfeit, and was released on the acession of Mary I. He aided in securing Mary's throne, setting the stage for alienation between his Catholic family and the Protestant royal line that would be continued by Elizabeth I.

As with all the Dukes of Norfolk, Thomas Howard was descended from Edward I. He was the son of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, and Elizabeth Tilney. Thomas Howard succeeded his younger brother Edward as Lord High Admiral in 1513. Until 1524 he was styled Earl of Surrey.

Norfolk first married Anne of York, daughter of Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville on February 4, 1494 at Greenwich Palace. The couple had at least two children: Thomas Howard (c. 1496-1508) and a stillborn child (c. 1499). There are also suggestions of short-lived Henry Howard and William Howard resulting from this marriage.

Following Anne's death in 1511 he married Elizabeth Stafford, daughter of Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Alianore Percy on January 8, 1512. They had three children: Lady Mary Howard (c. 1513-1555) who married Henry Fitzroy, illegitimate son of Henry VIII; Henry Howard (1517-1547) was one of the founders of Renaissance poetry; and Thomas Howard (c.1520-1582). The marriage with Elizabeth was unhappy. When Elizabeth complained about his mistress, Bess Holland, the Duke beat her. The couple remained estranged until Norfolk's death.

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See the Family Tree

Duke of Norfolk Thomas Howard
1443 - May 21, 1524
Countess of Surrey Elizabeth Tilney
bef 1447 - Apr 4, 1497
Primary or Last Marriage:
Date: , Place: , Status: Marriage, Note:
Duchess of Norfolk Elizabeth Stafford
1494 - Nov 30, 1558
Earl Surrey Henry Howard
First cousin 14 times removed
1517 - Jan 19, 1547
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